Location, location, education: Part 1 – Poverty

Figure 1: Social and educational indicators against local child poverty rate
Notes: Use the menu above the figure to select a metrics to view. Dot sizes are scaled according to the number of pupils in each local authority area. Hover over the dots to see accompanying data. Click on the figure legend to turn individual regions on or off.
Map 1: Maths attainment at the end of Key Stage 1 (2015).  Map 2: Overall attainment at the end of Key Stage 2 (2018)
Map 3: Maths progress during Key Stage 2 (2018).  Map 4: GCSE Attainment 8 score (2018)
  1. This analysis looks only at mainstream state schools in England; primary and secondary schools have been analysed together. Some SEN and absence data contain small values that have been suppressed at source, so these have been estimated. Progress 8 values for each local authority have been calculated using data for individual schools, weighted by pupil numbers. KS1 average points scores refer to the Year 6 cohort graduating in 2018. Other data are from 2018 except as follows:
    • 2011: Local population with degrees.
    • 2015: Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index.
    • 2016: Brexit leave vote.
    • 2017: Social Mobility Index; Pupil absence and persistent absentees; Parent penalty notices; Admission appeals; Level 2 and Level 3 attainment by age 19.
    • 2019: Ofsted Parent View response rates.
  2. There are 152 local education authorities in England, but two of them – the City of London and the Isles of Scilly – have been omitted from this analysis because they are too small for meaningful comparisons.
  3. House price ratios are house prices expressed as a multiple of average local earnings. For more information see here.
  4. The Social Mobility Index is a composite measure created by the Social Mobility Commission, a UK government body. Note that it includes education measures (among other metrics), so typically correlates with the effectiveness of local schools.
  5. Socioeconomic and ethnic segregation among schools are measured in the same way as our previous study. Briefly, the proportions of pupils who are eligible for free school meals (socioeconomic segregation) or who identify as white British (ethnic segregation) are compared to the local pupil population as represented by the 10 nearest schools with overlapping year groups. The segregation metric is the mean of the absolute difference between these two values for each school in an area.
  6. School financial data is for LA-maintained schools only. Academies, which are funded directly from central government, are excluded from this analysis.
  7. Self-generated school income typically comes from from hiring out premises, parental donations and various fundraising actitivities.
  8. Key Stage 1 numbers presented in the maps are from 2015 because these are the latest data to have been released by the Department for Education.


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