Faith in schools
- Faith schools in England show distinctive geographical distributions. For example, Church of England (C of E) schools are often located in rural areas around large conurbations, while Catholic schools are most prevalent in the North West. These patterns are especially clear for primary schools.
- Since at least 2011, primary pupil numbers at C of E and Catholic schools have been growing at slower rates than the overall increase in primary school enrolment. Those at non-faith schools and non-Christian faith schools have increased at higher rates. Pupils at non-Christian faith state schools nearly doubled between 2011 and 2018, though they still account for only 0.5% of all state primary school pupils.
- Among secondary pupils, too, enrolment at Catholic schools showed a relative decline. Pupil numbers at non-faith schools have been broadly flat while those at C of E schools have increased slightly. Once again, enrolment at non-Christian faith schools showed rapid growth, especially in the state sector, where pupil numbers doubled between 2011 and 2018, though they still represent only 0.6% of all state secondary school pupils.
- Faith schools tend to show better academic results at both primary and secondary phases, but these effects vary by faith type and seem to be mainly a result of differences in intake rather than anything that goes on inside the schools themselves.
- Many types of faith school show higher levels of segregation than non-faith schools, not only with respect to ethnicity but also deprivation.
Maps 1 and 2: Proportions of primary schools that are faith schools (2018)
Maps 3 and 4: Proportions of primary schools that are Church of England / Roman Catholic schools (2018)
Maps 5 and 6: Proportions of secondary schools that are faith schools (2018)
Maps 7 and 8: Proportions of secondary schools that are Church of England / Roman Catholic schools (2018)
Figure 1: Number of primary schools by faith type
Figure 2: Number of primary school pupils by school faith type
Figure 3: Number of secondary schools by faith type
Figure 4: Number of secondary school pupils by school faith type
Figure 5: Primary school performance by faith school type (2017)
Figure 6: Secondary school attainment by faith school type (2018)
Figure 7: Secondary school progress by faith school type (2018)
Figure 8: Imbalance in proportions of FSM pupils by religious denomination (2018)
Figure 9: Socio-economic balance of schools by religious denomination (2018)
Figure 10: Imbalance in proportions of White British pupils by religious denomination (2018)
Figure 11: Ethnic balance of schools by religious denomination (2018)